Bibliography

Survey Titles

The History of the Idea of Europe

Barraclough, Geoffrey, European Unity in Thought and Action (Oxford, 1963).

Boer, Pim den, and Heinz Duchhardt (eds.), Europäische Erinnerungsorte, 3 vols. (Munich, 2011-2016).

Böttcher, Winfried (ed.), Klassiker des europäischen Denkens. Friedens- und Europavorstellungen aus 700 Jahren europäischer Kulturgeschichte (Baden-Baden, 2014).

Curcio, Carlo, Europa, storia di un’idea (Florence, 1958).

Davis, Norman, Europe: A History (Oxford, 1996).

Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste, L’idée de l’Europe dans l’histoire (Paris, 1965).

Foerster, Rolf Helmut, Europa. Geschichte einer politischen Idee (Munich, 1967).

Gehler, Michael, Europa. Von der Utopie zur Realität (Innsbruck, 2014).

Gehler, Michael, Europa. Ideen – Institutionen – Vereinigung – Zusammenhalt (Reinbek, 2018).

Gehler, Michael, Peter Müller, and Peter Nitschke (eds.), Europa-Räume. Von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (Hildesheim, 2016).

Greiner, Florian, Frank Bösch, and Ariane Brill, (eds.), Europabilder im 20. Jahrhundert. Entstehung an der Peripherie (Göttingen, 2012).

Guerrina, Roberta, Europe: History, Ideas, and Ideologies (London, 2002).

Hay, Denis, Europe: The Emergence of an Idea (Edinburgh, 1957).

Heater, Derek, The Idea of European Unity (Leicester, 1992).

Heffernan, Michael, The Meaning of Europe: Geography and Geopolitics (London, 1998).

Köpke, Wulf, and Bern Schmelz, (eds.), Das gemeinsame Haus Europa. Handbuch zur europäischen Kulturgeschichte (Munich, 1999),

Krüger, Peter, Das unberechenbare Europa. Epochen des Integrationsprozess vom späten 18. Jahrhundert bis zur Europäischen Union (Stuttgart, 2006).

Kühnhardt, Lutz and Michael Rutz, (eds.), Die Wiederentdeckung Europas. Ein Gang durch  Geschichte und Gegenwart (Stuttgart, 1999).

Lützeler, Paul Michael, Die Schriftsteller und Europa. Von der Romantik bis zur Gegenwart (Munich, 1992).

Mikkeli, Heikki, Europe as an Idea and an Identity (New York, 1998).

Pagden, Anthony, (ed.), The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union (New York, 2002).

Pasture, Patrick, Imagining European Unity since 1000 AD (Basingstoke, 2015).

Rougemont, Denis de, Vingt-huit siècles d’Europe: la conscience européenne à travers les textes. D’Hésiode à nos jours (Paris, 1961).

Salewski, Michael, Geschichte Europas, Staaten und Nationen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (Munich, 2000).

Schmale, Wolfgang, Geschichte Europas (Vienna, 2001).

Schmale, Wolfgang, Gender and Eurocentrism: A Conceptual Approach to European History, transl. by Bernard Heise (Stuttgart, 2016).

Simms, Brendan, Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy, 1453 to the Present (London, 2013). Steiner, George, The Idea of Europe: An Essay (Tilburg, 2004).

Stirk, Peter M.R., A History of European Integration since 1914 (London, 1996).

Vietta, Silvio, Europäische Kulturgeschichte. Eine Einführung (Munich, 2005).

Wendt, Reinhard, Vom Kolonialismus zur Globalisierung. Europa und die Welt seit 1500 (Paderborn, 2007).

Wilson, Kevin and Jan van der Dusen, (eds.), What is Europe? The History of the Idea of Europe (London, 1995).

Theories, Concepts, Historiography

Clemens, Gabriele, (ed.), The Quest for Europeanization: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on a Multiple Process (Stuttgart, 2017).

D’Auria, Matthew, and Jan Vermeiren (eds.), Narrating Europe : Conceptions of European History and Identity in Historiography and Intellectual Thought, special issue of History : The Journal of the Historical Association, 103/356 (2018).

Delanty, Gerard, Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality (New York, 1995).

Delanty, Gerard, Formations of European Modernity:  A Historical and Political Sociology of Europe (Basingstoke, 2013).

Exadaktylos, Theofanis and Claudio M. Radaelli (eds.), Research Design in European Studies. Establishing Causality in Europeanization (Basingstoke, 2012).

Feindt, Gregor, et al., (eds.), Europäische Erinnerung als verflochtene Erinnerung. Vielstimmige und vielschichtige Vergangenheitsdeutungen jenseits der Nation (Göttingen, 2014).

Gehler, Michael, and Silvio Vietta (eds.), Europa – Europäisierung – Europäistik. Neue wissenschaftliche Ansätze Methoden und Inhalte (Vienna, 2010).

Greiner, Florian, and Jan Vermeiren (eds.), “The Bonds That Unite”? Historical Perspectives on European Solidarity, special issue of European Review of History, 6/24 (2017).

Lesaffer, Randall, European Legal History: A Cultural and Political Perspective (Cambridge, 2009).

Prettenthalter-Ziegerhofer, Anita, Verfassungsgeschichte Europas. Vom 18. Jahrhundert bis zum Zweiten Weltkrieg (Darmstadt, 2013).

Tuori, Kaius and Heta Bjorklund (eds.), Roman Law and the Idea of Europe (London, 2018).

Source Collections

Bruneteau, Bernard (ed.), Histoire de l’idée européenne au premier XXe siècle à travers les textes (Paris, 2006).

Bruneteau, Bernard (ed.), Histoire de l’idée européenne au second XXe siècle à travers les textes (Paris, 2008).

Drace-Francis, Alex (ed.), European Identity: A Historical Reader (Basingstoke, 2013).

Foerster, Rolf Helmut, Die Idee Europa 1300-1946. Quellen zur Geschichte der politischen Einigung (Munich, 1963).

Gehler, Michael, and Otto May (eds.), Motiv Europa. Postalische Dokumente zur Geschichte und Einigungsidee seit 1945 (Hildesheim, 2019).

Lipgens, Walter, and Wilfried Loth (eds.), Documents on the History of European Integration, 4 vols. (Berlin, 1984-1991).

Lützeler, Paul Michael (ed.), Plädoyers für Europa. Stellungnahmen deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller 1915-1949 (Frankfurt/M., 1987).

Schulze, Hagen and Ina Ulrike Paul, (eds.), Europäische Geschichte. Quellen und Materialien (Munich, 1994).

Ziegerhofer, Anita, Johannes W. Pichler, and Reinhard Likar (eds.), Die Vereinigten Staaten von Europa. Dokumente eines Werdens (Vienna, 1998).

The Middle Ages (c. 500-1500)

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Early Modern Europe (c. 1500-1789)

Survey Titles

History and Politics

Cameron, Euan, Early Modern Europe: An Oxford History (Oxford, 2001).

Friedrich, Carl J., The Age of the Baroque, 1610–1660 (New York, 1952).

Parker, Geoffrey, Empire, War and Faith in Early Modern Europe (London, 2003).

McKay, Derek, and Hamish M. Scott, The Rise of the Great Powers 1648–1815, 3rd ed. (Abingdon, 2014).

Rice, Eugene F., The Foundations of Early Modern Europe, 1460–1559, 2nd ed. (New York, 1994).

Scott, Hamish, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750. Volume I: Peoples and Place (Oxford, 2015).

Treasure, Geoffrey, The Making of Modern Europe, 1648–1780, 3rd ed. (New York and London, 2003).

Wiesner, Merry E., Early Modern Europe, 1450–1789 (Cambridge, 2006).

Culture and Identity

Scott, Hamish, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750: Volume II: Cultures and Power (Oxford, 2015).

Diefendorf, Barbara B. and Carla Hesse, (eds.), Culture and Identity in Early Modern Europe (1500-1800): Essays in Honor of Natalie Zemon Davis (Ann Arbor, MI, 1994).

The Renaissance (c. 1500-1700)

Primary sources

de Béthune, Maximilien (Duc de Sully), The Great Design of Henry IV. From the Memoirs of the Duke of Sully (Boston, 1909) [first 1638].

de Montaigne, Michel Eyquem, Essays, transl. by Michael A. Screech (Hammondsworth, 1991).

Grotius, Hugo. The Rights of War and Peace. Including the Law of Nature and of Nations (Washington, 1901) [first 1625].

Münster, Sebastian, Cosmographia: Beschreibung aller Lender (Basel, 1545).

Secondary sources

Burke, Peter, ‘Did Europe Exist Before 1700?’, in History of European Ideas, 1 (1980), pp. 21-29.

Cronin, Vincent, The Renaissance (London, 1992).

Fletcher, Stella, The Longman Companion to Renaissance Europe, 1390–1530 (London, 2000).

Grendler, Paul F. (ed.), The Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students (2003).

Hale, John, The Civilization of Europe in the Renaissance (1994)

Johnson, Paul, The Renaissance: A Short History (New York, 2000).

Schmale, Wolfgang, ‘Das 17. Jahrhundert und die neuere europäische Geschichte’ in Historische Zeitschrift, 264 (1997), pp. 587-611.

Schmale, Wolfgang et al., Studien zur europäischen Identität im 17. Jahrhundert (Bochum, 2004).

Wintle, Michael, ‘Renaissance Maps and the Construction of the Idea of Europe’, in Journal of Historical Geography, 2/25 (1999), pp. 137-165.

Enlightenment (c. 1700-1789)

Primary sources

de Saint-Pierre, Charles Irénée Castel, Projet de traité pour rendre la paix perpétuelle (Utrecht, 1717).

Gargaz, Pierre-André, A Project of Universal and Perpetual Peace (New York, 1922) [first 1782].

Kant, Immanuel, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Essay, 3rd ed. (London, 1917) [[first 1795]].

Penn, William, ‘An Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe, by the Establishment of an European Dyet, Parliament, or Estates Concluded’, in The Advocate of Peace, 11/58 (1896), pp. 280-283 [first 1693].

Penn, William, The Peace of Europe: The Fruits of Solitude and Other Writings (London, 1916).

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Extrait du Projet de Paix perpétuelle de Monsieur l’Abbé de Saint-Pierre (n.p., 1761)

Secondary sources

Stollberg-Rillinger, Barbara, Europa im Zeitalter der Aufklärung (Stuttgart, 2000).

The ‘Long Nineteenth Century’ (1789-1914)

Survey Titles

History and Politics

Evans, Richard J., The Pursuit of Power: Europe, 1815-1914 (London, 2016).

Culture and Identity

Gallo, Fernanda and Frederica Frediani, (eds.), Ethos Repubblicano e Pensiero Meridiano

(Reggio Emilia, 2011).

Guizot, François, Histoire de la civilisation en Europe, 10th ed. (Paris, 1868).

Guizot, François, History of Civilization in Europe, transl. by W. Hazlitt, rev. ed. (New York, 1899).

Vermeiren, Jan, ‘Problèmes et perspectives d’une histoire de l’idée européenne de la Révolution française au Printemps des peoples (1789-1848/49), in Canadian Journal of History, 50/1 (2015), pp. 68-85.

Revolution (1789-1815)

Primary sources

Saint-Simon, Henri de, and Augustin Thierry, De la réorganisation de la société européenne (Paris, 1814).

Secondary sources

Romanticism (1815-1848)

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Langewiesche, Dieter, Europa zwischen Restauration und Revolution 1815-1849 (Munich, 1998).

The Age of Progress (1848-1870)

Primary sources

Lemonnier, Charles, Rapport présenté au congrès tenu à Lausanne, le 14 septembre 1869 par Ch. Lemonnier sur cette question « déterminer les bases d’une organisation fédérale de l’Europe ». Ligue internationale de la paix et de la liberté (Paris, 1869).

Secondary sources

Gallo, Fernanda, ‘The Shaping of European Modernities: The Renaissance and the Neapolitan Hegelianism, 1848-1862’, in History, 103/356 (2018), pp. 451-468.

Gallo, Fernanda, and Axel Körner, ‘Hegel and Risorgimento Political Thought in Transnational Perspective: An Introduction’, with, in Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 24/2 (2019).

Imperialism (1870-1914)

Primary sources

Brissac, Henri, Vive la République européenne (Paris, 1884).

Lemonnier, Charles, Les États-Unis d’Europe (Paris, 1872).

Stead, William Thomas, The United States of Europe on the Eve of the Parliament of Peace (New York, 1899).

Secondary sources

D’Auria, Matthew, ‘Progress, Decline, and Redemption: Understanding War and Imagining Europe, 1870s–1890s’, in European Review of History, 5/25 (2018), pp. 686-704.

The Age of the World Wars (1914-1945)

Survey Titles

History and Politics

Ferguson, Niall, The War of the World (London, 2006).

Gerwarth, Robert (ed.), Twisted Paths: Europe, 1914-1945 (Oxford, 2007).

Kershaw, Ian, To Hell and Back: Europe, 1914-1949 (London, 2015).

Martel, Gordon (ed.), A Companion to Europe, 1900-1945 (Chichester, 2011).

Mazower, Mark, Dark Continent: Europe’s Twentieth Century (London, 1998).

Plaschka, Richard G. et al., Mitteleuropa-Konzeptionen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts (Vienna, 1995).

Culture and Identity

Deswarte, Richard, ‘An American Future? Perceptions of the United States and the Idea of Europe in the Interwar Period’, in Vittorio Dini and Matthew D’Auria, (eds.), The Space of Crisis:  Images and Ideas of Europe in the Age of Crisis, 1914-1945 (Brussels Lang, 2013), pp. 67-87.

Dini, Vittoria, and Matthew D’Auria, (eds.), The Space of Crisis: Images and Ideas of Europe in the Age of Crisis, 1914-1945 (Brussels, 2013).

Greiner, Florian, Wege nach Europa. Deutungen eines imaginierten Kontinents in deutschen, britischen und amerikanischen Printmedien, 1914-1945 (Göttingen, 2014).

Greiner, Florian, ‘Europäisierung durch Medialisierung? Zur Konstruktion Europas durch Massenkommunikation (1914-1945)’, in Peter Hoeres and Anuschka Tischer, (eds.), Medien der Außenbeziehung von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (Cologne, 2017), pp. 186-206.

The First World War (1914-1918)

Primary sources

Brown, Thomas Jacob, Peace, Christianity, and the War in Europe: A Sermon (Washington, D.C., 1914).

Ferrero, Guglielmo, Europe’s Fateful Hour (New York, 1918).

Ferrero, Guglielmo, La vecchia Europa e la nuova. Saggi e discorsi (Milan, 1918).

Fried, Alfred H., The Restoration of Europe, transl. by L.S. Gannett (New York, 1916).

Slater, Gilbert, Peace and War in Europe (London, 1915).

Starr Jordan, David, America’s Conquest of Europe (Boston, 1913).

Mlynarski, Feliks John, The Problems of the Coming Peace (New York, 1916).

Shibley, George H., The Allies Pledged to a United States of Europe (Washington D.C, 1915).

Taylor, Charles Fremont, A Conclusive Peace: Presenting the Historically Logical, and Feasible, Plan of Action for a Coming Peace Conference, Which Will Co-ordinate and Harmonize Europe and the World (Philadelphia, 1916).

Secondary sources

Buelens, Geert, Europas Dichter und der Erste Weltkrieg, transl. by Waltraud Hüsmert (Berlin, 2014).

Clark, Christopher, The Sleepwalkers. How Europe Went to War in 1914 (London, 2012).

Greiner, Florian, ‘Articulating Europe During the Great War: Friedrich Naumann’s Idea of “Mitteleuropa” and Its Public Reception in Germany, England and the USA’, in Lingue Culture Mediazioni – Languages Cultures Mediation 2/2 (2015) pp. 131-148.

Piper, Ernst, Nacht über Europa. Kulturgeschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs (Berlin, 2013).

Vermeiren, Jan, ‘Notions of solidarity and integration in times of war: the idea of Europe, 1914–18’, in European Review of History, 6/24 (2017), pp. 874-888.

The Interwar Period (1918-1939)

Primary sources

Coudenhove-Calergi, Richard N., Pan-Europa (Vienna, 1924).

Coudenhove-Calergi, Richard N., Paneuropa-ABC (Berlin, 1931).

Ferrero, Guglielmo, Problems of Peace: From the Holy Alliance to the League of Nations. A Message from a European Writer to Americans (New York, 1919).

Ferrero, Guglielmo, Peace and War, transl. by B. Pritchard (London, 1933).

Noyes, Pierrepont Burt, While Europe Waits for Peace: Describing the Progress of Economic and Political Demoralization in Europe during the Year of American Hesitation (New York, 1921).

Scholz, Heinrich, Zum „Untergang” des Abendlandes. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Oswald Spengler (Berlin, 1920).

Spengler, Oswald, Der Untergang des Abendlandes (Munich, 1920).

Spengler, Oswald, The Decline of the West: Form and Actuality, transl. by C.F. Atkinson (New York, 1927).

Spengler, Oswald, Der Mensch und die Technik (Munich, 1931).

Secondary sources

Deswarte, Richard, ‘Cultural Resistance and Identity in Interwar Europe: America as the “Other” in the Views of Pro-European Intellectuals’, in Tim Kirk and Luda Klusakova (eds.), Cultural Conquests 1500 – 2000, Studia Historica LVII, Philosophica et Historica, 3/2004 (2008).

Greiner, Florian, ‘Transatlantische Räume – Europa und der “Westen” in der deutschen, britischen und amerikanischen Medienöffentlichkeit der frühen Zwischenkriegszeit’, in: Riccardo Bavaj and Martina Steber, (eds.), Nation, Kultur und Zivilisation. Der internationale Diskurs über “den Westen” an der Jahrhundertwende (1880-1930) (Berlin, 2018), pp. 125-135.

Mai, Gunther, Europa 1918-1939, Mentalitäten, Lebensweisen, Politik zwischen den Weltkriegen (Stuttgart, 2001).

Möller, Horst, Europa zwischen den Weltkriegen (Munich, 1998).

The Second World War (1939-1945)

Primary Sources

Churchill, Winston S., Der Zweite Weltkrieg. Mit einem Epilog über die Nachkriegsjahre (Munich, 1964).

Secondary Sources

The Cold War (1945-1989)

Survey Titles

History and Politics

Greiner, Florian, ‘A Part of European History? Historiographical Narratives of the Age of the World Wars after 1945’, in History 103/356 (2018), pp. 469-484.

Judt, Tony, Postwar: A History of Europe since 1945 (London, 2005).

Kershaw, Ian, Rollercoaster: Europe, 1950-2017 (London, 2018).

Sheehan, James J., Where Have All the Soldiers Gone? The Transformation of Modern Europe (Boston, 2008).

Culture and Identity

The Post-War Period (1945-1949)

Primary sources

Andreotti, Giulio, De Gasperi – visito da vicino (Milan, 1986).

Bailey, Thomas A., The Marshall Plan Summer: An Eyewitness Report on Europe and the Russians in 1947 (Stanford, 1977).

Coudenhove-Calergi, Richard N., Der Kampf um Europa. Aus meinem Leben (Zürich and Vienna, 1949).

Secondary sources

European Integration (1949-1989)

Survey Titles

Anderson, Perry, The New Old World (London, 2009).

Brunn, Gerhard, Die europäische Einigung von 1945 bis heute (Stuttgart, 2002).

Clemens, Gabriele, Alexander Reinfeldt, and Gerhard Wille, Geschichte der europäischen Integration. Ein Lehrbuch (Paderborn, 2008).

Dinan, Desmond, Europe Recast: A History of European Union (Basingstoke, 2004).

Dinan, Desmond, Ever Closer Union: An Introduction to European Integration (Basingstoke, 2010).

Elvert, Jürgen, Die europäische Integration, 2nd ed. (Darmstadt, 2012).

Gillingham, John, European Integration, 1950-2003: Superstate oder New Market Economy? (Cambridge, 2003).

Loth, Wilfried, Europas Einigung. Eine unvollendete Geschichte (Frankfurt am Main and New York, 2014).

Middelaar, Luuk van, The Passage to Europe: How a Continent Became a Union, transl. by Liz Waters (New Haven, 2013).

Milward, Alan S., The European Rescue of the Nation-State (London, 1992).

Patel, Kiran Klaus, Projekt Europa. Eine kritische Geschichte (Munich, 2018).

Thiemeyer, Guido, Europäische Integration. Motive, Prozesse, Strukturen (Cologne, Vienna, and Weimar, 2010).

Primary Sources

Gasteyger, Curt, Europa von der Spaltung zur Einigung. Darstellung und Dokumentation 1945-2000, new ed. (Bonn, 2001).

Schmuck, Otto, and Maximilian Schröder, Der Weg zur Europäischen Union, 3rd ed. (Bonn, 1995).

Theories of European Integration

Primary sources

Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, Mette (ed.), Debates on European Integration (Basingstoke, 2006).

Secondary sources

Pichler, Peter, ‘European Union Cultural History: Introducing the Theory of “Paradoxical Coherence” to Start Mapping a Field of Research.’, in Journal of European Integration, 1/40 (2018), pp. 1-16.

Rosamond, Ben, Theories of European Integration (Basingstoke, 2000).

Wiener, Antje, and Thomas Diez (eds.), European Integration Theory, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 2009).

Member States

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Enlargement

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Issues and Debates

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Pichler, Peter, Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte. Zur Grundlegung der Geschichte der europäischen Integration als ein episodisches historiographisches Erzählen (Innsbruck, 2011).

Alternatives

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Central and Eastern Europe

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Neumann, Iver B., Russia and the Idea of Europe: A Study in Identity and International Relations (Abingdon, 1996).

Pichler, Peter, ‘A “Handmade Historiographical Myth”: The “East” and Eastern Europe in the Historiography of European Integration, 1968 to the Present’, in History, 103/353 (2018), pp. 505-519.

Europe and the World

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Europe since 1989

Survey Titles

History and Politics

Culture and Identity

The End of the Cold War

Primary sources

Secondary texts

European Integration

Survey Titles

Pichler, Peter, Europa. Was die Europäische Union ist, was sie nicht ist und was sie einmal werden könnte (Graz, 2016).

Member States

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Enlargement

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Issues and Debates

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Pichler, Peter, Leben und Tod in der Europäischen Union (Innsbruck, 2014).

The Crisis of Europe

Primary sources

Judt, Tony, A Grand Illusion? An Essay on Europe (New York, 2011).

Krastev, Ivan, After Europe (Philadelphia, 2017).

Laqueur, Walter, The Last Days of Europe: Epitaph for an Old Continent (New York, 2007).

Zielonka, Jan, Is the EU Doomed? (Cambridge, 2014).

Secondary sources

Europe and the World

Primary sources

Secondary sources

Pichler, Peter, Zeitgeschichte als Lebensgeschichte. Überlegungen zu einer emanzipativen und aktuellen Zeithistoriographie (Vienna, 2017).